Ocular, palpebral and orbital tumours 22/03/2013
A wide range of tumours can occur in the periocular area and there are many different benign lesions and cysts but also cancerous tumours.
Among these, the most frequent are those related to exposure to the sun, fundamentally basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, which can appear on the eyelids. When a cancerous tumour appears on the eyelid, this must be treated by a specialist as highly specific surgical techniques are required that, at the same time as removing the tumour, ensure the eyelid can continue to perform its important function of protecting the eyeball.
Orbital tumours can also be divided into benign and cancerous, the former being more common. Although benign, some orbital tumours, such as cavernous haemangioma, can lead to visual problems due to their location in the eye. Cancerous orbital tumours are not very common, among the most frequent being orbital lymphoma, which can usually be successfully cured. Other tumours that can appear in this area are those of the lachrymal gland or metastasis from other cancers.
Other cancerous tumours can also appear in the eyeball that may affect the eye's surface, such as squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva, or grow inside the eyeball, such as choroidal melanoma. Each of these has a specific treatment which, in some cases, may require a multidisciplinary oncological approach.
Dr. José Nieto, M.D.
COMB Medical license number: 38.579
Specialist in ocular plastic surgery